IPA Kelas 10  Notasi Ilmiah & Angka Penting  GIA Academy
Table of Contents
Introduction
This tutorial provides a comprehensive guide to scientific notation and significant figures, as covered in the video "IPA Kelas 10  Notasi Ilmiah & Angka Penting" by GIA Academy. Understanding these concepts is essential for students in science, particularly in measurements and calculations.
Step 1: Understanding Scientific Notation
 Definition: Scientific notation is a way to express very large or very small numbers in a simplified format. It is written as a number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of ten.
 Example:
 3000 can be written as 3 x 10^3.
 0.0045 can be written as 4.5 x 10^3.
Step 2: Writing Scientific Notation

Steps to Convert to Scientific Notation:
 Identify the significant figures in the number.
 Place the decimal point after the first nonzero digit.
 Count how many places you moved the decimal point to determine the exponent of ten.
 If you moved the decimal to the left, the exponent is positive. If to the right, it is negative.

Example Conversions:
 45,000 → 4.5 x 10^4
 0.00067 → 6.7 x 10^4
Step 3: Benefits of Scientific Notation
 Simplifies calculations: Makes it easier to handle large numbers.
 Reduces errors: Minimizes mistakes in writing and reading large or small figures.
 Standardizes communication: Provides a common format for scientists across disciplines.
Step 4: Understanding Significant Figures
 Definition: Significant figures are the digits in a number that contribute to its precision.
 Types of Significant Figures:
 Exact Numbers: Numbers that are counted or defined (e.g., 100 apples).
 Measured Numbers: Numbers that are obtained through measurement, which include some level of uncertainty.
Step 5: Rules for Identifying Significant Figures
 Nonzero digits are always significant.
 Leading zeros (e.g., 0.0025) are not significant.
 Captive zeros (e.g., 1002) are significant.
 Trailing zeros in a decimal number (e.g., 12.300) are significant.
Step 6: Rounding Significant Figures

Rounding Rules:
 If the digit after the last significant figure is less than 5, the last significant figure remains the same.
 If it is 5 or greater, increase the last significant figure by 1.

Example of Rounding:
 0.04678 rounded to three significant figures is 0.0468.
Step 7: Performing Calculations with Significant Figures
 Addition and Subtraction: The result should have the same number of decimal places as the measurement with the least decimal places.
 Multiplication and Division: The result should have the same number of significant figures as the measurement with the least significant figures.
Step 8: Handling Exact Numbers
 Exact numbers have an infinite number of significant figures (e.g., 1 dozen = 12). They do not limit the precision of calculations.
Conclusion
Understanding scientific notation and significant figures is crucial for accurate measurements and calculations in science. By following these steps and rules, you can improve your precision in scientific work. As a next step, practice converting numbers to scientific notation and identifying significant figures in various measurements to reinforce your understanding.