KONSEP DAN FENOMENA KUANTUM  MATERI FISIKA KELAS 12  KISIKISI SIMAK UI 2023 Edcent.id
Table of Contents
Introduction
This tutorial covers the concept and phenomena of quantum physics, specifically focusing on the duality of light and its applications. It is particularly relevant for high school students preparing for the Simak UI 2023 examination. You will learn about light's dual nature, the concept of intensity, and practice problems to solidify your understanding.
Step 1: Understanding Dualisme Cahaya
 Definition: Dualisme cahaya refers to the theory that light exhibits properties of both waves and particles.
 Wave Nature:
 Light behaves as a continuous wave, capable of interference and diffraction.
 Example: Light can bend around obstacles and create patterns.
 Particle Nature:
 Light also consists of discrete packets of energy called photons.
 Example: When light hits a surface, it can eject electrons, demonstrating its particle nature (photoelectric effect).
Practical Tip
 Visualize light behavior by conducting simple experiments using prisms to observe refraction and diffraction patterns.
Step 2: Exploring Intensitas
 Definition of Intensitas: Intensitas (intensity) refers to the power per unit area carried by a wave.
 Formula:
 The intensity ( I ) can be calculated using the formula: [ I = \frac{P}{A} ] where ( P ) is the power in watts and ( A ) is the area in square meters.
 Factors Influencing Intensity:
 Distance from the source: Intensity decreases as distance increases due to the dispersion of light.
 Medium: The type of medium affects how light is transmitted.
Common Pitfall
 Ensure to use consistent units when calculating intensity to avoid calculation errors.
Step 3: Solving Example Problems

Practice Problem 1: Calculate the intensity of a light source that emits 100 watts of power over an area of 2 square meters.
 Solution Steps:
 Use the intensity formula: ( I = \frac{P}{A} ).
 Substitute values: ( I = \frac{100 \text{ W}}{2 \text{ m}^2} = 50 \text{ W/m}^2 ).
 Solution Steps:

Practice Problem 2: If the intensity of light decreases with the square of the distance, calculate the intensity at a distance of 4 meters if the intensity at 1 meter is 100 W/m².
 Solution Steps:
 Use the inverse square law: ( I_d = \frac{I_0}{d^2} ).
 Substitute values: ( I_4 = \frac{100 \text{ W/m}^2}{4^2} = \frac{100}{16} = 6.25 \text{ W/m}^2 ).
 Solution Steps:
Conclusion
In this tutorial, you learned about the dual nature of light as both a wave and a particle, the concept of intensity, and solved example problems related to these concepts. These foundational principles are essential for understanding quantum physics and will aid in your preparation for the Simak UI 2023 exam. To continue your studies, practice more problems and explore additional resources on quantum mechanics.