Lecture 01: Introduction To Programming for Beginners
Table of Contents
Introduction
This tutorial provides a stepbystep guide based on the introduction to programming for beginners as presented in the video by Coder Army. It covers foundational concepts in computer science, historical context, and essential programming principles that will help newcomers understand how to start learning programming.
Step 1: Understanding the Basics of Counting and Number Systems

Historical Context:
 The video begins with the history of how humans counted using stones.
 Understanding these foundational concepts helps appreciate the evolution of numerical systems.

Egyptian Number System:
 Introduced the base60 number system.
 Discusses the transition to the decimal system.
 Learn basic arithmetic operations performed in these systems.
Step 2: Exploring Computer Evolution

Key Milestones:
 Overview of the evolution of computers from early mechanical devices to modern machines.
 Understand how each advancement led to increased computational power.

Transistor Technology:
 Explanation of how transistors revolutionized computing.
 Learn about their role in binary computation.
Step 3: Mastering Number Systems

Binary Number System:
 Introduction to binary (base2) and its significance in computing.
 Conversion techniques:
 Decimal to Binary:
 Use the method of successive division by 2.
 Example:
Decimal: 10 Binary: 1010
 Binary to Decimal:
 Use positional value system (2^n).
 Example:
Binary: 1010 Decimal: 10
 Decimal to Binary:

Other Number Systems:
 Octal and Hexadecimal:
 Introduction to base8 (octal) and base16 (hexadecimal).
 Discuss applications in programming and computing.
 Octal and Hexadecimal:
Step 4: Understanding Transistor Functionality
 How Transistors Work:
 Overview of the relationship between binary and decimal systems in transistor operation.
 Simplified explanation of how transistors serve as electronic switches in computing.
Step 5: Learning Programming Languages
 Evolution of Programming Languages:
 Discuss machine language, assembler, and highlevel programming languages.
 Importance of highlevel languages in simplifying coding for developers.
Step 6: Importance of Data Structures and Algorithms
 Need for DSA:
 Explanation of why data structures and algorithms (DSA) are crucial for effective programming.
 Reallife examples of how DSA improves problemsolving capabilities.
Conclusion
This introduction to programming tutorial lays the groundwork for further learning in computer science. By understanding historical contexts, number systems, and the evolution of programming languages, beginners can appreciate the complexity and beauty of programming. To enhance your skills, consider accessing additional resources, completing homework assignments, and participating in coding contests as recommended in the video description. Start your journey in programming today!